Tripoli is the city of science and scientists
Tripoli has assumed great importance since the Islamic conquest of the Levant in 636 AD From that date on, this city began to grow and expand until it became in the two Abbasid periods the third and fourth administrative and intellectual capital.
The Fatimids took the capital of a large area and around it King Jalal bin Ammar to Dar Alam and provided it with a library which is one of the largest libraries of its time, since it had a hundred thousand volumes.
In the time of the Principality of Bani Ammar, Tripoli became a forum for writers, poets and scholars who used to refer to its rulers for their care, care and encouragement. The poet and philosopher Abu al-Ala al-Ma'ari, as well as al-Mutanabi and the famous traveler Ibn Battuta, .
However, the invading Crusaders wanted to obliterate the city's heritage during its occupation and devoured all the features of the Islamic civilization. At the forefront of this was the library of Bani Ammar. After 200 years of darkness of the Crusader rule, the city gradually regained its intellectual activity under the Mamluk rulers.
Where he established the Nasir Qalawun Masjuri Grand Mosque, and then followed by successors in the establishment of mosques and religious schools in Tripoli until it became in the words of the traveler Abdul Ghani Nabulsi, more than three hundred religious schools were full of desire of the proceeds of the vast endowments, and in the late Ottoman period Endowments for tampering and loss The number of religious schools in the early 20th century has been limited to twenty-two working schools.
In addition to the interest of the people and their children to renew the libraries, the grandfather of the Miqati Sheikh Mustafa bin Abdul Hai, who was a contemporary of Nasser Qalawun, a great library was competing with Tripoli on that day and proud of the neighboring countries for the importance and gravity, To serve scientists, scientists, students and scholars.
In addition to these schools and libraries, an elite of the city's people emerged, excelling in various fields of science and literature. They founded schools, libraries, magazines, printing presses and literary societies. The philosopher was Sheikh Hussein Al-Jisr, the author of the Hamidiya letter, the founder of the National School, Sheikh Abdul Qajer, Abdul Majid Al-Maghrabi, Abdul-Karim Aweidah, Sheikh Mohammed Al-Ahdab, Sheikh Mohammed Rashid Rida Al-Manar and Haj Sami Sadiq owner of Al-Wajdan newspaper, and ruled Sharif Bey Yakan, the author of the history of Tripoli Al-Sham (still written).
And Sheikh Mohammed Rashid al-Miqati the great imam and the late at the great Mansuri Mosque, which was one of the poles of his time in science and knowledge.