28 December 2019

In the name of Allah the Most Merciful

Towards a promising interaction of civilizations

The first international conference for peaceful coexistence

between religions

Under the Ottoman Empire

(Lebanon as a model)

The Idea of the Conference

Throughout their history, Muslims lived actively in a state of social and religious harmony and peace with the followers of other religions, and since the Ottoman Empire was the last era of the Islamic caliphate, its era did not come out from what we have described from the civil peace between the people of other religions, and the fairness of the followers of groups, sects and other religions, They all lived under the rule of justice, which is regulated by the noble provisions of Islam.

In light of what we are witnessing today from the interaction of the clash of civilizations theory at the expense of the civilizational interaction system, and the catastrophes it brought to the world, distortion of facts, and falsification of Islamic history in general and Ottoman history in particular ..

The University of Tripoli and its human rights and comparative law center, in cooperation with partner universities and centers, have taken it upon themselves to monitor the historical experience of Muslims as a cultural heritage that must be preserved no less important than the natural or cultural reserves that make up the world's lung.

Hence the idea of ​​establishing (a conference for peaceful coexistence under the Ottoman Empire) and choosing Lebanon as a model in a first conference, due to Lebanon’s specificity of religious and sectarian diversity, and its historical characteristic during the Ottoman period, then followed by other conferences dealing with important geographical places (Syria, Iraq, Egypt , Arab Maghreb, Balkans ...) to complete the scene map in the last four hundred years of the Ottoman Empire, then we set out to monitor the experiences of other countries and civilizations.

The objectives of the conference:

  1. Highlight the manifestations of civilization interaction between cultures and religions.
  2. Explain the features of peaceful religious coexistence under the Ottoman Empire.
  3. Responding to the slanders and intentional falsification of Ottoman history and the privacy of people of other religions.
  4. Monitoring the accurate facts in the history of Lebanon during the Ottoman caliphate.
  5. Publishing the most important facts related to the subject of the conference through the Ottoman Archives.

The Conference Areas:

  1. The history of religious diversity in Lebanon during the Ottoman Empire.
  2. Laws, legislation and administrative orders related to the regulation of relations between the people of religions in the Ottoman Empire.
  3. The documents of the Ottoman Archives related to the history of Lebanon in the Ottoman period, with an indication of the status of people of other religions.
  4. Fatwas of the Sheikhdom of Islam relating to minorities.
  5. Court decisions regarding minorities.
  6. The system of public jobs and their distribution.
  7. The Awqaf system and its local and central administration.
  8. Public freedoms under the Ottoman Empire (intellectual freedom, economic freedom ...).
  9. The facts of the famine in Lebanon at the end of the Ottoman Empire.
  10. The current curriculum and its position on the Ottoman Caliphate.
  11. The role of Western countries in influencing relations between the people of religions in the Ottoman Empire.